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A Secure Spectrum-Aware Routing Scheme by Detecting Black Hole Attacks for Smart Grid Applications

Azadeh Jafarinezhad 1, Mohsen Dorsetan 1, Sayyed Majid Mazinani 2, and Masoud Shirkhani 3
1. Electrical Engineering Department, Imam Reza International University, Mashhad, Iran
2. Iranian Construction Engineering Organization Province of Khorasan Razavi, Mashhad, Iran
3. Electrical Engineering Department, Ilam Science and research Islamic Azad University, Ilam, Iran

Abstract—Recently, cognitive sensor network (CSN) emerges as a key technology to enhance spectrum efficiency of wireless sensor network (WSN) and thus creates opportunistic transmissions over links. Dynamic and opportunistic spectrum access capabilities of CSN can be benefited to address many of the unique requirements and challenges of smart grid for WSN. The migration of power grids from an isolated network to a public communication network has created many challenging issues in the security of smart grids and one of the major challenges of CSN face today is security. This paper proposes a secure spectrum-aware routing scheme, which considers black hole attacks in smart grid communication structure and also considers traffic balance, route configuration and power control for reliable routing. We propose a mechanism to detect black hole attacks and also a method is employed to combine the routing objectives into a single target function. Randomized route selection strategy is adopted for traffic balance. The simulation results demonstrate that the proposed scheme improves the communication reliability and packet delivery rate in smart grid.

Index Terms—black hole attack, cognitive sensor network, security, smart grid, spectrum aware routing

Cite: Azadeh Jafarinezhad, Mohsen Dorsetan, Sayyed Majid Mazinani, and Masoud Shirkhani, "A Secure Spectrum-Aware Routing Scheme by Detecting Black Hole Attacks for Smart Grid Applications," International Journal of Electrical Energy, Vol. 2, No. 4, pp. 337-342, December 2014. doi: 10.12720/ijoee.2.4.337-342

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