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A Hierarchical Routing Protocol for Smart Grid

Mohsen Dorsetan 1, Azadeh Jafarinezhad 2, and Sayyed Majid Mazinani 2
1. Imam Reza International University, Mashhad, Iran
2. Electrical Department, Imam Reza Inernational University, Mashhad, Iran

Abstract—Nowadays, power grids have many variations and each day we see more development. Meanwhile power grids have a significant importance and their structure are developing and improving. Due to more efficiency and increasing the performance of traditional power grid, smart grid is appeared. In view of the traditional electric grid network infrastructure and integration with wireless sensor networks, new services ability is added to the total structure of traditional electrical grid. One of the smart grid infrastructure requirement is wireless sensor networks that is perfect solution for data acquisition from environment and equipment in the smart grid and transmission of information. Routing in wireless sensor networks due to its particular application in smart grid have gained significant attention. In this paper, we provide a hierarchical routing protocol for both HAN and NAN level by considering low power consumption and delay. Our proposed protocol is compared with two energy-aware and shortest path protocol, in addition to achieving energy efficiency and lower latency, higher data delivery rate and less data loss is achieved.

Index Terms—delay, remaining energy, hierarchical infrastructure, wireless sensor network, smart grid, routing

Cite: Mohsen Dorsetan, Azadeh Jafarinezhad, and Sayyed Majid Mazinani, "A Hierarchical Routing Protocol for Smart Grid," International Journal of Electrical Energy, Vol. 2, No. 4, pp. 325-330, December 2014. doi: 10.12720/ijoee.2.4.325-330

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